Here is an extract on Mirro Neurons.
A mirror neuron is a neuron which fires both when an animal acts and when the animal observes the same action performed by another animal (especially by another animal of the same species). Thus, the neuron “mirrors” the behavior of another animal, as though the observer were itself acting. These neurons have been directly observed in primates, and are believed to exist in humans and other species including birds. In humans, brain activity consistent with mirror neurons has been found in the premotor cortex and the inferior parietal cortex.
Some scientists consider mirror neurons one of the most important findings of neuroscience in the last decade. Among them is V.S. Ramachandran, who believes they might be very important in imitation and language acquisition. However, despite the popularity of this field, to date no plausible neural or computational models have been put forward to describe how mirror neuron activity supports cognitive functions such as imitation.
It is not normally possible to study single neurons in the human brain, so scientists cannot be certain that humans have mirror neurons. However, the results of brain imaging experiments using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have shown that the human inferior frontal cortex and superior parietal lobe is active when the person performs an action and also when the person sees another individual performing an action. It has been suggested that these brain regions contain mirror neurons, and they have been defined as the human mirror neuron system.. However, a recent study shows that the signal measured by fMRI from human ‘mirror neuron regions’ is not necessarily generated by true mirror neurons (that is, individual neurons which respond only to the same action in self and other) . For this reason, research in humans focuses on the “mirror neuron system” rather than “mirror neurons”.
Mirror neurons have been said to have the potential to provide a mechanism for action understanding, imitation learning, and the simulation of other people’s behaviour.. This hypothesis is supported by some cytoarchitectonic homologies between monkey premotor area F5 and human Broca’s area .
Would this shed light on how learning occurs amongst human under Connectivism?
Refer to this video posted in 2010.