This Classroom Assessment Techniques provides a great summary of formative and summative assessments, and the associated techniques.
Assessment is one of the critical literacies of teachers and learners, both inside the classroom and in an online learning environment.
For a learner, once we started a course, it would be imperative to:
(a) understand why we are doing the course (i.e. our motivation of doing the course, our needs and expectations – what is in it for me?), and assess and check our readiness of learning;
(b) know how our learning would be assessed and evaluated, and when such assessment (formative and summative assessment) would be done. This would help us in identifying our goals (what we are going to learn), developing our learning strategies (how we are going to learn) and what actions are required, by and with whom (instructors, co-learners, and other networkers);
- know what sort of tools (Web 2.0) and techniques (PLE/N) or VLE are required, and how to learn those tools;
- know and understand who we are going to be learning with (instructors, co-learners, networkers, communities and networks);
(c) understand how we are going to evaluate and review our learning, so as to improve and develop our capacity of learning. This may be done through reflection and critical thinking.