#Change11 #CCK12 What is common in Connectivism, Constructivism and Constructionism?

What is common about Connectivism, Constructivism and Constructionism?

Connectivism: One aspect of connectivism is the use of a network with nodes and connections as a central metaphor for learning.  In this metaphor, a node is anything that can be connected to another node within a network such as an organisation: information, data, feelings, images. Connectivism sees learning as the process of creating connections and developing a network.

Constructivism: through processes of accommodation and assimilation, individuals construct new knowledge from their experiences.

Constructionism:  learning can happen most effectively when people are also active in making tangible objects in the real world.  Learning is most effective when part of an activity the learner experiences as constructing a meaningful product.

Source: wikipedia

I reckon there are three common aspects that characterized the three learning theories, though they may be perceived quite differently with individual lenses:

1. Construction:

Connectivism – focus on networks, among entities.

Constructivism – focus on knowledge from experiences & interaction, individually, and socially.

Constructionism – focus on the construction of meaningful product, knowledge in one’s mind.

2. Creativity and creation – of ideas, artifacts, learning objects, or projects:

Connectivism – creation of an environment, with individuals creating artifacts, through curation of ideas, posts, mixing, repurposing, re-designing and developing, and posting of artifacts, with sensemaking, where people make sense of the experience in the world, and wayfinding.  In a MOOC environment, the CDE – chaotic, distributed, and emergent learning.  See this research by Kop, Fournier and Mak (2011), for details.

Constructivism – creation of conversation, and interaction.

Constructionism – creation of meaningful objects or products.

3. Ideas, concepts, experimentation

All theories would be explored through the curation and examination of ideas,  development of concepts, connection of concepts in ones mind (the cognition) and with other people, individual reflection of ideas and concepts based on metacognition (thinking how to think), experimentation of networks and communities, through research, discourse, and critical inquiry.

So, theories provide their own lens into the world, with each theory providing a different lens (or perspective) (Kuhn, 1970).  I found it interesting to explore with the different MOOCs.

17 thoughts on “#Change11 #CCK12 What is common in Connectivism, Constructivism and Constructionism?

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  7. Hi Sui;
    I see Connectivism and Constructionism (especially, social constructionism) as very close. Constructionism emphasizes the way meaningful mental objects are constructed by connecting new information to previous learning; so connections do have an important role. Also, a small subset of social constructionism that I found interesting was distributed cognition. Meaning here occurs not just within an individual, but is shared by a group, and group cognition looks much like individual cognition. John Shotter (http://www.johnshotter.com/) is an author who also developed a different social – shared line of thought he referred to as social constructionism, and recently has moved on to talk of spontaneous responsive, chiasmic relations, (http://www.johnshotter.com/mypapers/Consciousness.pdf), a more embodied and dialogic social constructionism. Distributed cognition never became popular as a theory, but in some ways I think Connectivism is reopening and moving this line of thought forward, thought other well developed forms of social constructionism are important as an adjunct to the theory. I’ll have to think how I can develop this thought some more and post something. Thanks for prompting a new line of thought for me to work on!

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