Here are some take-away from James B. Glattfelder’s talk on Who Controls the World.
1. Complexity is the result of simple interactions. The system as a whole is starting to behave in ways which cannot be understood or predicted by looking at the component of the system. Examples of emergence include termite and mold. The concept of emergence relates to the property that the whole is more than the sum of its parts.
2. Every complex system is understood as a network of interactions.
James quoted the example of The Network of Global Network Control.
Nodes: firms, people, governments
Links: percentage of ownership
Value of firms
3. Who are the key players? Who controls the world?
4. Are ideas and concepts more important than empirical data?
5. With 36% TNCs, but 95% value, does it follow Power Law? Controls accumulate at the nodes.
6. It seems self-organization are operating in these networks, rather than top-down approach in the control of these networks.
How would such learning be applied to education?
The present trend of the rapid expansions of MOOCs (see also this Class Central list) and open online education courses (such as Open Universities) do exhibit most of the properties of Complex System and Complex Adaptive System, especially when education is now open to public, and to the world. I have shared the ideas and concepts on Knowledge Ecology and how the different agents have interacted and co-evolved under a changing education system.
The current MOOCs are demonstrating various behaviors which cannot be understood or predicted by looking at the component of the system. At the start of the MOOCs movement, all elite institutions refused to accept MOOCs for credits to their degree programs, and thus deny the recognition of any completion of MOOCs as equivalent to the academic studies in their institutions. Now Georgia Tech is partnering with Udacity to offer online Master Degree Program. Would this change the dynamic of degree offering for Higher Education Institutions?
I have shared in my post: “Mission and money are now blended together when considering MOOCs under an institutional framework. This seems to be a time where a critical mass of institutions and learners have justified the promotion and adoption of MOOCs in a global arena of Higher Education.”
It seems the three major players in xMOOCs – Coursera, Udacity and edX are now constituting approximately 90+% of the MOOCs provision and the associated investments (approximation based on the Ivy League table, though this needs to be updated). There are however new MOOCs players such as Future Learn in UK, Open to Study in Australia, First MOOC for Denmark, coming on board in 2013-2014 and this would soon change the network dynamics of MOOCs.
Would the ideology of MOOCs be democratizing education?
Would the ideology of MOOCs be monetization, commoditization and privatization of Higher Education?
How would those ideologies impact on global Higher Education?
What could we learn from Complexity Science, when applied in Education?
I will be creating a few posts on Complexity Education soon.
Here are some relevant sources of information.