Is transformation of Higher Education possible? My reflections:
Relating to the ideas on transformation of Higher Education with improved teaching and education reform as discussed in this article, I reckon this is similar to the adoption of a connectivist approach in Higher Education. There are still long roads to cross, due to the enculturated values of teaching and research that have been embraced by both professors and administrators for decades. Besides there are demands of stability under an education system in Higher Education, it would be difficult to transform Higher Education without changing the pedagogy. Transformation of Higher Education through improved teaching requires a review of the pedagogy adopted in HE. I would reflect on this important aspect in another post relating to MOOCs.
Carl envisions and demands better teaching, with push backs from other academics due to challenge of traditional values and cultures that have been in the education system for decades. I think many professors do know what could be done to improve & innovate teaching. Higher Education values research over teaching, and that wouldn’t be changing as research “creates” & generate new knowledge, whilst teaching would at best transmit knowledge, as generally perceived by professors and students.
For those very smart & talented students, wouldn’t they just need minimum guidance and would then excel as Carl has cited in the article, under an apprenticeship model, with graduates? For under-graduate students, only the top and talented students would learn most effectively with such model, as they are self-motivated and regulated.
For most other students, there are still needs for close support and mentoring, that are obviously absent if the only way to learn is the 50 min mass lecture method.
If I were to ask Carl: Is your Nobel Prize based on research or teaching? If the answer is teaching, then would professors be considering how to improve teaching in a deeper way?
Besides, all PhD and Doctorate programs are still focusing on research as a principal means to gauge and evaluate a persons’ achievement in scholastic and research in the field. How would we expect professors to spend time in “teaching” their students when such PhD students are already good enough to learn with technology and network affordance?
But would this be an over-simplification of what teaching of under-graduate programs are all about? Teaching concepts or correcting misunderstood or incorrect concepts in science is important. However, would the use of MC and T/F or short answer questions be good enough to inculcate the values and applications of science in real life?
Some students would still prefer lecture method, and so many professors would continue to do so (and I think I would practice it too), as any negative comments or feedback from students would only lead to professors adopting more teacher-centered approach, when they are reminded that these are what the students want – to know the answers to the examination, tests, quizzes and assignments straight away, instead of spending time exploring themselves.
Some students are uncomfortable with this approach—even if it’s more effective. “I remember getting an evaluation from one
[UCSD] student who had just finished my course,” says Simon, a pioneer in the use of peer instruction within her field. “I loved
it. It read, ‘I just wish she’d have lectured. Instead, I had to learn the material myself.’ ” See above article.
Numerous researches have hinted that students want simple and effective means of learning, not complicated or complex tasks which are both time-consuming and difficult to perform. That is the reality and challenge that most educators and professors are facing Higher Education. Isn’t it?
The old motto: “Tell them what you want to tell them, tell them, and tell them what you have told them” have now been “transformed” into various formats of video lectures (both mass video lectures and short video lectures with quizzes – like those on Youtube), teaching posts or artifacts, or a combination of face-to-face lectures with online tutorials/quizzes – MC, T/F, and short answer questions, or peer assessments, or eportfolios.