What should our future education be aiming for? Massification of education or personalization of learning?
In this paper on Instructional Theory by Reigeluth C. (2012), he highlights the need of having more personalized approach towards learning, through a post-industralist instructional approach, where learner becomes the centre for learning.
In this Mastery Learning and this paper on Mastery Learning, there are benefits of adopting its philosophy in MOOCs. That’s also the central pedagogy adopted by most xMOOCs providers.
As I have shared in my previous post, students may master what is expected to be learnt if all teachers are teaching solely to the test. However, it seems that many people might have mis-understood the initial intention of Mastery Learning, where the intention is NOT to ask the teacher to teach only those concepts for the sake of assessment or testing, but to allow the learners to master their learning at their own pace, in a progressive manner with immediate feedback in order to reinforce their understanding of concepts, and to correct any mis-understood concepts where possible. Besides, Mastery Learning could be effectively employed in a mentoring and apprenticeship program where the mentor could guide the mentee through the program.
The future of education though would lie with personalization rather than massification of education as Aoki concludes here
This massification of online education appears to go in an opposite direction to personalization that elearning and use of ICT in education should aim for the purpose of providing more effective individualized learning experiences to learners.
How to progress from massification to personalization of online education? I have shared that here.
Giving students the correct answers strict away may sound a good instructional approach towards teaching. However, have the students learnt how to arrive to those calculations? Have the students mastered the concepts CORRECTLY? How do we know if the students could apply their skills and transfer them from one area to another, in solving problems?
Aoki elaborates further on how personalization of learning could be achieved:
With the vast amount of data gathered through learners, personalization will become possible eventually with proper learning analytics and data mining. Furthermore, quality of learning outcomes may be further assured with the evidence of learning.