#Change11 Metaphors of learning and knowledge

I like to toss around ideas, thoughts, and explore about what metaphors mean.

Here in wikipedia, there are definitions and ample examples of metaphor:

“A metaphor is a literary figure of speech that uses an image, story or tangible thing to represent a less tangible thing or some intangible quality or idea; e.g., “Her eyes were glistening jewels.”

“argument is war” and “time is money.” Metaphors are widely used in context to describe personal meaning. The authors also suggest that communication can be viewed as a machine: “Communication is not what one does with the machine, but is the machine itself.” (Johnson, Lakoff, 1980).[13]

I have composed some posts relating to metaphors, here, here, here, and here.

Here is a collection of metaphors  relating to knowledge and learning on delicious.

There are abundance of metaphors. Take these two as examples:

Models of innovative knowledge communities and three metaphors of learning

The knowledge creation metaphor – An emergent epistemological approach to learning

Under the Three metaphors of learning:

The acquisition metaphor: “monological” within mind approach

The participation metaphor: “dialogical”, interaction approach

The knowledge creation metaphor: “trialogical”, developing collaborative shared objects and artifacts.

What would be the metaphor for a connectivist approach?  Would it be based on a participation and knowledge creation metaphor?

How about a rhizomatic approach?

Picture: Google

For me, it requires some of the following images to represent and visualise, and more:

Picture: credit from Gordon

Photo credit: see link above

Photo credit: Google

Picture: From George & participants’ collaboration

Picture credit: Alan Levine

Have you got any images, videos, podcasts, audios or slideshares for Change11?

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#PLENK2010 PLENK & Network Metaphor

I shared the below post in my blog on CCK09, and may I share the same with PLENK here?

My observation so far is that our “network(s)” do exhibit some of the phenomena of singles and flocks of birds or schools of fish, when it comes to CCK08, CCK09, CritLit2010 and this PLENK course.  Some would prefer to fly individually in the sky, whilst others would fly with flocks of “birds”, flying freeing through the sky, with multi-directions, and multi-”guidance” at times, and then the way they go afterwards…. Others would like to go for a “swim”, like a school of fish, through the ocean, and explore the deep, deep world down the ocean(s), and across the different oceans, where they encounter big and small school of fishes of all kinds.  Are there any borders in these network exploration?  Where are the limits?  The sky?  The ocean? The clouds (cloud computing, artefacts, social media)?

Would the birds and fishes meet?  May be, if they want to. But it’s all up to the desires and needs of the individuals. There are more and more “clouds or tools” forming, sometimes blurring the flights of the birds, but often they would help in guiding the flight paths as “mediators or navigators”.  The traces (artefacts, URL, tools, media and techniques) left behind could often be used as guidance for others. Would that be the emergent learning?

Are the ”birds”, “fishes” self organising?  Will the “clouds” help in the flight journey? Any thoughts?

May be we are all just human behaving similar to the emergence of flocks of birds and school of fish, but we won’t see these ourselves unless we step out of our comfort zone, and look at ourselves swimming in the ocean, or flying ourselves with the planes, and we could see ourselves out from the outer space, realising how small our planet is….

Refer to more sharing from others in the forum in PLENK before and after

Enjoy these

Photos: from Flickr

CCK09 Metaphors

Talks James Geary Metaphorically Speaking sounds interesting.

Here are some thoughts:

Metaphor: Creation of patterns

X=Y

Silence are sweet.

Some jobs are jails.

Language is fossil poetry.

I shake things up, therefore I am.

I like to make up metaphors: and you will find lots of them in my posts here.

My favourite metaphors just created are:

1. You are my dream, and I am a dream too!  Because when you visit me, my dream comes true.

2. Love is double edged sword, it cuts on one side, but is blunted when shielded.

3. Blogging is a public discursive discourse, where you could broadcast, share and reflect like an interactive TV.  

4. The business of education is a show legend.  Elvis is a show in the music legend, Einstein is the show in the science legend, and everyone is the show in this network legend.  When it comes to internet, including you, you and you, you are in the show of global legend.

5. Love is the legacy. Trust is the anti-legacy in internet, when spammers are looking for their preys…

What is your favourite metaphor?

Metaphorically speaking, what is love to you?

CCK09 Metaphors for the Social EcoSystems

Below is my first thoughts about the ecosystem that relates to the forum post:  Very sketchy still….

May need to spend a few days working on the “big picture” of Social Ecosystems.  I will try to link the digital habitat with the AI, the global changes – like global “warming” and “warning” in terms of climate changes (both financial, political and temperature change etc), technology (using the clouds, the Great Barrier reef (extinction of corals due to environmental impact), and the basic elements metaphor the “metal”, “non-metal”, “earth”, “water”, “fire”, the “water” as knowledge and learning metaphor, the Network metaphor using birds in the sky and fish in the sea, the micro-metaphor on digestive system, the neuroscience metaphor using chemicals (catalyst), electric sparks (small motors and generators inside our brain) (haven’t worked on it yet) and the chemical reactions metaphor based on chemical bonding.  Other metaphors could include magnetismENTROPY (Thermodynamics), Physics (potential and kinetic energy) – how one form of energy changes to another form, with conservation of energy, FORCE – from gravitational forces to force of attraction & repulsion (magnetism), electrostatic forces, to van der Waals forces (the weak force at molecular level), Learning as Planting of trees, and networks as woods, forests, Materials Science – the structure of matters based on (body centred cubic (bcc), face centred cubic (fcc), structure of metals, non-metals,  closed packed hexagonal (cph) for diamond, polymers (the thermoplastic and thermosets, their structure based on carbon chains – degradation for some plastic subject to ultra-violet light weakening of the bonds), plasticity (elastic and plastic regions) of metals, the hardness and impact testing – (i.e. hardness and toughness of networks) (how it impacts the emotions, leadership qualities, and dynamics and sustainability of networks) and these links to pseudo science (the yin and yang) and the multiple perspectives and interpretation and its links to Biology the Metaphors of eye lens (human natural lens) versus camera and video camera (artificial lens), and mirror (reflection of objects changing the left to right perspectives) and then to the senses metaphor – music – lyrics as language, a piece of music (rhythm and melody as emotions), popularity of songs or music measured by number of “tickets”, hits on the web sites (Youtube, Myspace, FB or twitter mention, and musical channel’s number of broadcasts, number of sales in concerts and the RESONANCE on blogs (see my resonance post on https://suifaijohnmak.wordpress.com) , wikis etc. And the MICRO AND MACRO metaphors could then be interacting, interfacing and articulating on the time, space and digital basis (with a dark hole stretching across the yet known space) ALL INTEGRATED in the SOCIAL ECOSYSTEMS (or even the MACRO SOCIAL ECOSYSTEMS AND MICRO NEURO-ECOSYSTEM INTEGRATED WITH TECHNO-ECOSYSTEM (COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SOCIAL NEURO TECHNO SYSTEM), and internet shrinking all the metaphors into a tiny summary like this!  Networks of the Real world ecml07_leskovec_mlg_Page_004_480From Networks of the real world.

1097851_world_technology

From world techn

 

iceberg 3703386681_635d17d7ee

research-physicsFrom Research Physics

 

Neuronsneurons

From flickr 

John [23/10/09]  I need to draw up all these on the CMap or Word document with lots of graphics. 

Postscripts: More metaphors – fishing

An interesting post on The wide open learning world: sea, land and ice views by Curt Bonk (just found at 9:12 pm 23/10/09)

Postscript: I found this learnscape of Jay Cross interesting

CCK09 Metaphors of Learning Networks

Here are some interesting discussion in the forum relating to Blogs and Forums as Communication and Learning Tools.

May I start with some metaphors and analogies?

My observation so far is that our “network(s)” do exhibit some of the phenomena of singles and flocks of birds or schools of fish, when it comes to CCK08 and this CCK09 course.  Some would prefer to fly individually in the sky, whilst others would fly with flocks of “birds”, flying freeing through the sky, with multi-directions, and multi-“guidance” at times, and then the way they go afterwards…. Others would like to go for a “swim”, like a school of fish, through the ocean, and explore the deep, deep world down the ocean(s), and across the different oceans, where they encounter big and small school of fishes of all kinds.  Are there any borders in these network exploration?  Where are the limits?  The sky?  The ocean? The clouds (cloud computing, artefacts, social media)?

Would the birds and fishes meet?  May be, if they want to. But it’s all up to the desires and needs of the individuals. There are more and more “clouds or tools” forming, sometimes blurring the flights of the birds, but often they would help in guiding the flight paths as “mediators or navigators”.  The traces (artefacts, URL, tools, media and techniques) left behind could often be used as guidance for others. Would that be the emergent learning?

Are the “birds”, “fishes” self organising?  Will the “clouds” help in the flight journey? Any thoughts?

birds 

fish thumbnailCA20H3IT

How about this aquarium as a school, college or university?

aquarium 20081022_172355_aquarium

 Enjoy this Social Ecosystems too.

CCK09- Connectivism – My response to Nicola

This is a response to Nicola on her post on yin yang of CCK09.
Glad to learn about your practice of martial arts.  I know very little about it, though I always enjoy watching it.  I could only play with Wii, just for fun, with the virtual boxing.

Even after a year, my confusion with connectivism is still with me… mainly because it is based on the chaos and complexity theory, where each of us could flap our wings, and so most of the surprises are unpredictable, like the weather, and are emergent..even with the patterns that emerged.  So connections create meaning (at social level), but the meaning is in the networks (at neural or neuronal level).  The connections only make sense in “meaning” when it is perceived and interpreted by the connectors (nodes) or networks upon interaction.  That sounds complicated, and even complex – or further confusion… because every one could interpret these differently.  So, my view is: each of us could interpret connectivism differently, depending on your angles, your emotions, your context, and your attitudes towards connections, and networks, people. 

coin

How about the metaphor of a coin as a way to connect under connectivism?

In a coin, the 2 sides (top and bottom) represent the yin and yang of our voices, and the rim represents the multiple perspectives of each of us (both tacit and explicit ones).

When each of us interact in the networks, as shown in this piling up of coins, we could all see and sense that it’s yin and yang interacting with each other, surrounding us with more perspectives of the networks.  The emergence would be: toppling of the coins, or alignment of all coins.  However, if the coins are all piled up too high, then sooner or later, the whole pile could collapse.  This is similar to the information or connections overload, when too many coins are in “connection” with each other.  So we may need to focus on the similar coins, and pile the coins with care to maintain stability.  Would that explain why limited connections is better for us? 

the compass

magnet

Another metaphor that could be useful to illustrate this would be connectivism as magnets – the polarity of nature, that magnetism exhibits on earth and in ferrous alloys.

Such polarity of views and perspectives (or different voices of individuals) could also be represented in the form of yin yang or the north and south poles.  Like poles repel and unlike poles attract.

The compass is where all these “connections” are connected to show the directions.  In this case, the context, the actual position and the actors (people, tools, resources, artifacts) are all inter-dependent and important in guiding us.

magnetic system bones from John Burton

Still pondering….